Mashhad is a city of pilgrimage and tourism in the northeast of the country and is the most important religious tourism hub of the country and the second most religious city in the world. Located next to the cities of Sarakhs, Dargaz, Chenaran and Neyshabur, having a common border with Afghanistan, Turkmenistan has given the city special military importance. Dating back to Mashhad dates back to the fifth millennium BC, based on discoveries on the rare hill. The city is home to Aryan tribes and derives its name from the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS). The word Mashhad means witnesses and martyrdom and the place of graves of Imams and elders. This temperate climate is temperate to cold and dry, with hot and dry summers and cold and humid winters. The main products of the region include sugar beet, cotton, barley, pea, safflower, apple, pear and peach and its tree species include acacia, ash, maple, pine and cedar. Mashhad is the second largest industrial and economic center of the country, being the second largest car manufacturing hub in the country. In addition to the shrine of Imam Reza, the spiritual capital of Iran has other attractions such as Ferdowsi’s Tomb, Gohar Shad Mosque, Kohsangi Park, Astan Quds Razavi Museums, which have made it a prime tourist destination.
Visiting the city’s markets, including the East Diamond Market, Proma and … to buy souvenirs from pilgrimage programs to Mashhad is sacred. Famous souvenirs of the city include saffron, rosary, seal, cumin and nuts. Mashhad handicrafts are carpet weaving, poetry, nemalie, embroidered, masonry, rattan, leather and wood products. The language of the people of Mashhad is Persian with its beautiful dialect of Mashhad. The city ranks first in the country in terms of facilities for urban and suburban transportation. Mashhad is not only named because of attractions such as the shrine of Imam Reza, the country’s tourism hub, but also the availability of tourism facilities and facilities.